Tag: <span>Reciprocity Failure</span>

Rollei RPX 25 Reciprocity Failure

I am on a lookout for a new film for my long exposure photography. When doing research on available slow films I came across the Rollei (Maco) RPX 25. I liked the specs of the film, and I was greatly impressed by its close cousin, the Rollei Infrared.

For some time I have used Foma 100 as my go-to long exposure film. Firstly for its low, low price, and secondly for its very high reciprocity failure. Usually a high reciprocity failure is thought of as an weakness. Films showing less of a failure – such as Fuji Acros – are preferred. But in the special world of long exposure photography a bad reciprocity failure is actually an asset. You get two extra stops of light loss for free! However, I have recently experienced quality issues with the Foma film and started looking for other options.

One issue I found with the RPX 25 film is that the published reciprocity failure is quoted only for 4 times: 2, 10, 20 and 50 seconds. Of these the 10, 20 and 50 second times are outside the usual sequence of exposure times. This was a problem to me, as with such a slow film I expected to run into reciprocity failure areas quite often. Both on purpose, shooting with heavy ND filters, and unintentionally in low light.

To make sense of it I tried modelling the exposure times in my trusty RStudio statistical package. I tried several different regression algorithms and settled on a power regression. This seemed to fit the data better than an exponential. I was able to model a function that matched the reported times closely. The biggest difference is about 4% off at the 50 second data point, and I can live with that.

Rollei RPX 25 Reciprocity Table (modeled)

measured: 0:01 0:02 0:02 0:03 0:04 0:06 0:08 0:12 0:15 0:20 0:30 0:45 0:50 1:00 1:30 2:00
adjusted: 0:01 0:02 0:03 0:04 0:06 0:11 0:16 0:27 0:36 0:52 1:28 2:30 2:52 3:37 6:08 8:54

RPX 25 Reciprocity Failure Chart